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Symptoms

Symptoms And Signs Of Dependency

An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.

Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.


Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.


The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.

These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:

  • The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
  • Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
  • Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
  • Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
  • Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
  • Stress management - Addicts usually feel they cannot handle issues without fortifying themselves with the drug.
  • Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
  • Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
  • Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
  • Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
  • Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
  • Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
  • Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
  • Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.

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Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.