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Medication For Treating Addiction

Why Additional Medication Is Used


There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.


Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.


Detox And Drug Withdrawal

The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.

Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. The intensity of withdrawal symptoms differs according to the history of drug abuse. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. These are some side effects:

  • Anxiousness
  • Gloominess
  • Feeling sick
  • Seizures
  • Muscle pain
  • Sweating

There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
  • Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
  • Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
  • Antidepressants
  • An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
  • Depression in detox in a common symptom as the patient is longer getting the happy feeling from the drug they have taken for a long time.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
  • Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.

The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. The fact is there are always some difficulties associated with drug withdrawal but every withdrawal is not so deadly. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.

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Addiction Medication

Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
  • It stops the urge to take alcohol.
  • Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
  • It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
  • Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
  • This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
  • Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.

Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.


Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction

Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.

Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. Some have long-term withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.

Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:

  • Methadone
  • Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
  • It works just like the Heroin and pain relievers by connecting itself to the sensory nerves of the brain, but it does not cause dependence on the user.
  • Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
  • Methadone can become addictive so it is used with caution.
  • Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
  • You can find out more about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
  • This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
  • Mostly, it puts an end to cravings.
  • Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.

Medical Detox And Rehabilitation

Some people pick detoxification on their own. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. For the ones who are addicted to alcohol or benzos, medical detoxification is a must.

Detox in a safe and comfortable environment if the first step to sobriety.

Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Medications can be adjusted to the needs of the patient and long-term plans can be made.

Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Inpatient rehab acquire 30-90 days in some cases. Constant supervision is given during the first week of detox. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Find a rehabilitation with medical detoxification today for you or someone you care about that needs assistance to accomplish sobriety call 0800 246 1509.